Hand-knotted rugs are an intense labor of love whereby each tuft in a rug is created by literally tying a knot around a warp thread. This ancient and time-honored technique of weaving is extremely intricate, time-consuming, and demands ability that most weavers can only achieve after years of extensive training.
One of the most important and determining factors in the quality of hand-knotted rugs that affects the durability and price is the knots (or stitches) per square inch of any given rug. The durability of the rug increases manifold corresponding with the increase in the density of the knots per square inch in the rug, as it is an established fact that more the number of knots per square inch adds more life to the rug that in turn gives luster, shine and intricate design to the overall pattern or the motif of the rug.
A hand tufted rug is manufactured utilizing a tufting gun with needles mounted in the front. The production process is conducted by operating the machine by hands. The tufted gun employed to create artistic floor pieces shoots soft and lustrous yarns into base.
The rug is produced on a frame which is laced up with a cotton foundation with the imprint of the design on it. Due to the set mechanism the yarn is shot and pulled back on the surface. This specially designed machine is loaded with all the required equipment; it creates the loop and also makes a cut, as per the demand of the design. Once the tufts are done, the floor covering is then backed with latex covering to ensure endurance. In hand-knotted rugs the criterion is the knots per square inch whereas in hand-tufted rugs it is the weight of the rug. More the weight means more labor involved leading to enhanced durability and superior finish.
Machine made rugs are made by large machines called power looms. A power loom is electrically automated and controlled by computers. Machine made rugs can be made quickly and are manufactured with materials including wool and synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon, polyester, acrylic and art silk.
Machine made rugs can offer a lower price alternative to hand knotted rugs. Machine made rugs usually have a life span of about 20 years or less, depending on the quality and fiber used. For example, a high quality machine made wool rug can last for decades if it is well maintained.
Vacuum regularly. For the first two to three months, additional vacuuming may be necessary to reduce the normal shedding that occurs. Blot spills immediately with a clean, absorbent white cloth. Rugs should not be saturated with cleaning solvents or scrubbed excessively. We suggest using products designed specifically for wool or dry extraction powders such as Host. For best results, periodic professional cleaning is recommended. Shag rugs will continue to shed their entire life. Loose tufts should be cut, not pulled. Rotate the rug periodically to help reduce uneven wear. Avoid placing rugs in direct sunlight to prevent fading over time. A rug pad is recommended for all rugs. Please note different care is required for different types of rugs. Above are just general instructions, additional care should be taken for different types of rugs.